Neem: More than 100 active ingredients.
Although Neem has been scientifically studied for decades, most of its active components are still not fully understood. Key ingredients include quercetin antioxidants, Nympine antimicrobials, nempidine and azadirachine, responsible for the very bitter taste.
Azadirachtin was isolated for the first time in 1968 from tree seeds. It is the main component of Neemöls. It took 22 years of research for British scientists at the University of Cambridge to synthesize artificially complex material. Azadirachtin is used by the neem tree to protect it from harmful insects and, therefore, it is important as a biocidal insecticide.
However, it is estimated that the Neem tree contains more than 100 different active substances, which are available in different groups according to the part of the plant.
Neem: cutting and application of plants
All parts of the Neem tree are important in human and veterinary medicine, as well as in agriculture.
The Neem bark is part of many treatments (eg, Extracts), which they work to promote. In addition, the bark is used in the prevention and treatment of gum disease.
Research has shown that the neem bark contains a large amount of alpha flex xt catechins (radical scavengers) and other highly active ingredients that stimulate the immune system. In Ayurveda, the neem bark is similar to neem leaves in terms of its healing effect.
Neem leaves can be used to make an extract or leak, because most bitter materials are soluble in alcohol and water. It is reported that Mahatma Gandhi had drunk a cup of Neem Leaf tea daily to promote himself.
In India, the leaves are also chewed, fresh or dried, or submerged in a fine powder, dyes and tea are prepared. Keep in mind that water should not be cooked, as some ingredients can be damaged by heat. According to the Ayurvedic prescription, a sheet of Neem leaf powder per cup is extracted for 10 minutes at 75 degrees hot water per cup.
For the treatment of respiratory diseases such as cough, bronchial asthma and colds, vapor inhalation can be used, while skin problems (eg acne) are recommended for vascular baths. Soak the leaves for the first time for 24 hours in water and then add with water in the water bath.
In addition, the powder can be applied externally in the form of cosmetics, l. For masks or envelopes.
Neem fruit and neem seeds
Where neem grows, people also use their seeds, which are attached to the stone-shaped stone fruits. Fruits do not serve as food because they have a bitter taste.
In India, however, medicines are produced from fruit and pulp. Against diabetes. In addition, it is common to eat one or two neem seeds after meals to promote digestion and kill harmful bacteria in the mouth.
First, the seeds are used to extract the desired neem oil.